There are many different conditions that can fall under the neuropathy banner and any of the nerves can be affected. To boost your knowledge you can read a review here. The nerves that are affected will determine the severity of the symptoms as well as the type of pain or discomfort:
- Nerves that cause sensation – sensory nerves. Here there will be numbness, pain, tingling and often the hands and feet will feel weak.
- Nerves that enable movement and action – motor nerves. The hands and feet again will be affected and will become weak.
- System controlling nerves – autonomic nerves. The bodily functions such as digestion and urination when affected will lead to sweating or changes in the heart rate.
Unfortunately, there is the possibility that it will be more than one set of nerves that can be affected at once, so the condition could be classed as mononeuropathy or polyneuropathy.
Not all cases will have an identifiable cause but the good news is that there are ways to control the pain that is caused. Some of the major reasons are:
- Overuse of alcohol
- Cancer and HIV drugs – they may be used for the greater good, but peripheral nerve damage may occur.
- Diabetes – this is the most common cause.
- Liver and kidney disease – an imbalance of salt will cause the damage.
- Injuries, infection and inflammatory conditions as pressure will be put on the nerves. With infection, Guillain-Barre syndrome is central.
Most Common Type of Neuropathy
This is peripheral neuropathy and tends to affect people as they get older. Treatment costs many countries in the West a great deal of money. To find out about a particular product that can be taken to aid relief, you can read a review here.
A full medical history will be taken and the major symptoms will be assessed alongside the general health of the patient. If there is a family history of the disease this will be a pointer, as will discovering that there has been an explosion to poisons. Past partners and sexual history will have to be disclosed as will the level of alcohol consumption.
Physical Checks that Will Be Made
There will be a thorough check made of the skin and any abnormalities recorded. Heart rate will also be monitored. Understanding the amount of sensation felt will be important and when it comes to this a tuning fork will be used. The ability of the tendon reflexes will be checked and test will be carried out on the nerves.
A major part of this will be to determine the speed of the messages sent by the nerves. This is done with the use of special electrodes being placed at various points above the nerves. There may be a little discomfort as they will pass a small electric shock into the skin and this is how the nerve impulse speed will be worked out. If there is a reduced speed, it will be concluded that this is due to peripheral neuropathy.
In order to allow a close look at what is happening with the nerve, there can be a nerve biopsy whereby a small piece is removed and analyzed under a microscope. In some cases, enough information can be carried out via a skin biopsy and will be able to pick up the early onset of peripheral neuropathy and continue to see how it progresses over time. To find out about treatment that can be used during this time, you can read a review here.
It is hard to give an overall view as it will be different in each case. Improvements may be seen, but for others there may have to be the acceptance that they will need to live with this condition for ever.